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step by step 2000第二册unit01 b

Educational systems

key words:

primary school secondary school high school

higher education college university

vocabulary:

comprehensive schooL GCSE examination A level

sophomore provincial school board diploma certificate

Primary school secondary school permissible age

entering age entering age to level school

Britain ___________ _____________ _________

USA __________ junior high:_ ________

senior high:_

Australia ___________ intermediate

school:_____ ___________

high school__

Cananda ____________ __________ __________

1.What examonations do British children have to take before they leave secondary school?

2.Who should take "A levels"in Briain?

3.What dose the word"sophomore"mean in the U.S.?

4.What exam do Australian children have to take before they leave high school?

5.what is a musst to Australian children who would like to go to various sorts of higher education?

6.How many years of study are required for university degrees in Canada?


感谢大耳朵网友“piaoranyuanyin”补充听力原文

Part II

D-David M-Michael N-Nicolette

D: (Well,) in Britain, from the ages of five to about eleven you start off at a primary school, and then from eleven to sixteen you go on to a secondary school or a comprehensive school and at sixteen you take GCSE examinations. After this, some children take… er… vocational courses or even start work. Others stay on at school for another two years to take A levels. And at the age of eighteen, after A levels, they might finish their education or go on to a course of higher education at a college or university, and that’s usually for three years.

M: well, it depends on what state you’re in but… er… most kids in the United States start school at about six… er…when they go to elementary school and that goes from the first grade up to the sixth grade. Some kids go to a kindergarten the year before that. Then they go on to junior high school, that’s about eleven, and that’s the seventh, eighth and ninth grades. And then they go on to senior high school around age fourteen… er… starting in the tenth grade and finishing in the twelfth grade usually. Some students… er… will leave school at sixteen and they’ll start work, but… er… most of them stay on to graduate… er… from high school at age eighteen. In the first year at high school or college students are called “freshmen,”in the second they’re called “sophomores,” in the third year… er… we call them “juniors” and in the fourth year they’re called “seniors.” Now … er… a lot of high school graduates… er… then go to college or university and they do a four-year first degree course. Some of them might go to junior college… er… which is a two-year course.

N: Well, in Australia, well in most states anyway, children start their primary education at five after perhaps a brief time in kindergarten. They will start at primary school until they’re about eleven, then they’ll either stay there or go to an intermediate school for a couple of years. Then they start high school usually twelve or thirteen, which you start in the third form. Now, after three years at high school… um… you sit a general exam, some states call it School Certificate… er… and that is a sort of general qualification. After that you can leave school at sixteen or you can go on and sit your University Entrance Examination, which then gives you entree into a university or it’s another useful qualification, and form then on you go to various sorts of higher education.

Education in Canada is a provincial responsibility, but schools are administered by local school boards.

Kindergarten is for children who are four or five years old. Children begin formal full-day schooling in Grade 1, when they are about six years old. They must stay in school at least until they are sixteen. However, most students continue to finish high school. Some go on to college or university.

Each year of schooling represents one grade. (The school year extends from the beginning of September to the end of June.) Elementary school (or high school) may start in Grade 8, 9, or 10 and it usually continues until Grade 12.

In Canada, students may go to university or to a community college. If they want to learn skills for a specific job, they attend college for one to four years to get a diploma or certificate. For example, lab technicians, child-care workers, and hotel managers go to college. Universities offer degree programs as well as training in certain professions, such as law, medicine, and teaching.

Universities offer three main levels of degrees. Students earn a bachelor’s degree can take another year or two. A doctorate may take a further three to seven years to complete.
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